9 Best Piano Exercises For Beginners

Are you looking for a way to learn the basics of piano playing? If so, look no further! Piano exercise for beginners is an easy and fun way to get started on your journey toward becoming a skilled pianist.

Whether you have never touched a piano before or are trying to brush up on some of your skills, these effective piano exercises will give you the foundation needed for mastering the instrument.

In this blog post, We will provide helpful tips and some piano exercises for beginners that have been proven time and time again to be beneficial in strengthening your core fundamentals when it comes to understanding the basics of music theory and improving upon those piano-playing abilities.

Keep reading if you’re ready to start exercising on the piano!

Benefits of Practicing Piano Exercises

Before diving into the piano exercises, let’s first discuss the numerous benefits of taking the time to practice them. Besides being a great way to refine and improve your skills, here are some other reasons why regular practice is beneficial:

• Improves accuracy and precision when playing

• Teaches proper finger placement

• Enhances overall understanding of the instrument

• Helps with memory retention and recall

• Increases speed and dexterity when playing

Types of Piano Exercises for Beginners

When it comes to piano exercises for beginners, there are a few different types that you can try. These types of exercises are designed to help you build the necessary foundation of skills needed for mastering the instrument. Let’s take a look at some of the most popular types of exercises:

1) Scales: A great way to start your journey as a pianist is to learn how to play scales. Scales help you understand the relationship between notes and keys on the piano, and they are essential for developing finger strength and dexterity.

2) Chords: Playing chords is another great way to build muscle memory and get comfortable with playing multiple notes at once. Start off by learning major and minor triads, and then move on to more complicated chords.

3) Arpeggios: An arpeggio is a series of notes that are played in succession. They are essential for learning how to play melodies on the piano and can be used to practice rhythm as well.

4) Sight-Reading: Sight-reading is a great way to get comfortable with reading music and practicing your technique. Start off by using simple pieces of sheet music, then gradually increase the difficulty as you progress.

5) Ear Training: Ear training is an important part of piano playing and will help you learn how to recognize notes and chords by ear. Try singing or humming along with a piece of music before playing it.

Read more: Best keyboard beginners

Top 9 Best Piano Exercises for Beginners

The best piano exercises for beginners are those that focus on developing the fundamentals in a safe and consistent manner. Here are some of the basic exercises that you should get familiar with, as they will help you become comfortable with playing the piano and understanding music theory:

1. The Five-Finger Scale exercises

This exercise is essential for beginners as it teaches basic note names, hand coordination, and proper finger positioning. This simple exercise helps to familiarize your hands with the notes of the piano and uses all five fingers on each hand.

To practice this exercise, start by playing the notes C-D-E-F-G using only your right hand, using all five fingers. Start by placing your right thumb on the middle C, then move the other four fingers in succession up one octave (notes C-D-E-F-G).

Then repeat this process with your left hand. Once you are comfortable with these notes, try practicing with both hands together while counting out loud.

2. Shadow Playing exercises

Shadow playing is an excellent way for beginners to start familiarizing themselves with the keys, finger placement, and structure of the piano. When shadowing, it’s important to practice with a piece of music you are already familiar with or can easily learn. Begin by listening to the song and then repeating what you played back on the piano.

3. Full scales exercises

Another exercise for beginners is to practice full scales. This helps with hand coordination, familiarity with the notes of the piano, and overall technique. To practice a scale, start by playing one octave in a major key, like C major or G major.

Start by playing the root note (C or G) on your left hand with your thumb, followed by the pointer finger on the third note of the scale (E or B). Then play the notes in succession up one octave and back down again.

Practice this exercise with both hands at the same time, counting out loud as you go. You can also try different tempos to challenge yourself.

4. Sight Reading exercises

These exercises are a great way to help you become more familiar with reading music notation and playing right away. This can be done by yourself or with the help of an instructor.

Sight Reading exercises should involve chords, scales, and arpeggios so that you can understand not only the notes but also how they relate to one another.

It also helps you get used to reading sheet music quickly so that when you’re ready to move on to more advanced pieces, you won’t be intimidated by them.

5. The chords exercises

Chords are the foundations of all piano playing. By understanding how chords work, you can learn to play many different songs and develop an ear for music. One way to hone your chord-playing skills is by using a series of simple exercises that focus on major, minor, diminished, and augmented chords. Start with three easy exercises:

– Find the root note of a major chord: Start by playing any C major chord. Now, listen for the lowest possible note in that chord. That is the root note. Try this exercise with different chords to become familiar with finding their respective roots.

– Practice transitioning between minor and major chords: Start by playing a C minor chord, then transition to a C major chord. To make the transition smoother, sing out the root note in each chord as you move from one to the other.

– Identify augmented and diminished chords: Find an augmented or diminished chord in your favorite piece of music and practice naming it quickly by ear. This exercise will help you identify these chords quickly in the future.

Let’s take a look at this short video of Pianote from 4:55 to follow the chord exercise:

6. The broken chords exercises

Broken chords are a way to play the same notes as a chord but in a different order. This is useful for adding movement and interest to your music. To practice playing broken chords, choose any three-note chord and start by playing the root note of that chord.

Then, alternate between the other two notes until you have played all three notes. For example, if the chord is C major, start by playing C, then alternate between E and G until you have played all three notes of the chord.

7. The hands independence exercises

This exercise is fundamental in developing finger independence, which can help you to play more complex pieces and create smoother melodies. Start by playing a basic three-note chord using your right hand.

Then, use the left hand to pick out each note of the chord one at a time. This will help you learn how to control each finger separately, and it will also give you a feel for playing with both hands together.

8. Contrary motion scales exercises

Playing scales in contrary motion is an excellent way to increase dexterity and coordination. To practice this exercise, start with a C major scale (which consists of the seven notes: C D E F G A B).

On the first set, play the scale-up using your right hand only. The second time through, begin with your left hand playing down the scale and your right hand playing up the same notes. Repeat this pattern until you’re comfortable with the exercise.

9. Hanon and Czerny piano exercises

These exercises are named after their composers, Charles-Louis Hanon and Carl Czerny. They are both known for providing various piano exercises to help develop technique, speed, and accuracy.

Both Hanon and Czerny are excellent exercises for those just starting out on the piano. They consist of drills, scales, arpeggios, harmonies, and more that help to reinforce basic skills like rhythm and finger dexterity.

Hanon exercises provide an excellent foundation for more advanced pieces while Czerny’s works focus primarily on developing speed and dexterity in both hands.

Tips for Good Piano Finger Techniques for Beginners

1. Make sure your hands and fingers are relaxed. This will allow you to play with more precision and control of the keys.

2. Find a comfortable and natural way of positioning your hands on the piano keyboard while playing. This could be having the palms facing each other, knuckles bent slightly up when pressing down a key, or fully extending each finger for pressing individual notes.

3. Make sure that you are using the correct fingerings when playing a piece or exercise on the piano. This will help ensure that you are not only developing good technique but also improving your accuracy and speed when it comes to playing a piece of music.

4. Practice scales first before trying to play more complex pieces. This will help strengthen your fingers and develop good muscle memory when it comes to playing the piano.

5. Take your time when learning a new piece of music or exercise. It is important to understand each note and how it should be played in order for you to gain a better understanding of the overall piece of music.

Common Mistakes with Piano Finger Technique

Let’s take a few minutes to review some of the most common mistakes made by those who are just starting out on the piano.

First and foremost, it is important to remember that your fingers should remain relaxed while playing – if they constantly tense up, you won’t be able to bring out the best sound possible.

Additionally, it’s important to keep your fingers low on the keys and avoid hitting them too hard or too lightly. This can take some practice but is an essential part of developing a good piano technique.

Finally, make sure that you have proper posture while playing – this will help ensure that you’re able to reach all the notes with ease and don’t strain any muscles.

FAQs Of piano exercises for beginners

1. How do I strengthen my hands for piano?

One of the most important things you can do to strengthen your hands for piano is practice. Spend time practicing scales and arpeggios in both hands, as this will help train your brain and muscles to move fluidly between notes.

Additionally, dedicate some time to finger-independence exercises; these drills will help you build coordination and dexterity in your hands.

Finally, make sure you warm up your hands and stretch before beginning each practice session. This will help prevent any potential injury and ensure that you are well-prepared for the exercises ahead.

2. Can I self-teach myself piano?

Yes! There is no reason why you can’t teach yourself the basics of piano playing. With some patience and a little bit of practice, you can quickly become proficient in the instrument.

In order to get started, we suggest that you first familiarize yourself with the different keys on the keyboard and learn how they correspond to musical notes. Once you have a good understanding of the basics, you can move on to piano exercises for beginners that will help further strengthen your skills.

3. Can I learn piano in 2 months?

Yes, with the right approach you can learn a lot in two months. Start by learning some basic scales and chords to get acquainted with the piano.

Once you have these basics down, start working on songs from different genres that will help you increase your technical skills and understanding of music theory.

Finally, use practice sessions to continually refine those skills until you’re confident enough to play a song without having to look at the sheet music.

4. How long should a beginner practice piano each day?

It has been suggested that beginners should aim to practice at least 30 minutes a day. However, the length of your daily practice session will depend on your individual goals and motivations.

If you are serious about learning the piano, it is important to develop a routine and stay consistent with practicing every day—even if it’s only for a few minutes.

5. What are the best piano exercises for beginners?

The best piano exercises for beginners are those that focus on developing basic techniques, understanding the fundamentals of music theory, and honing your memory. Start off with some finger dexterity drills, such as scales, arpeggios, and chords.

You can also try a variety of rhythm exercises to help get your timing down. Try playing syncopated rhythms with both hands simultaneously. This will help you get into the groove of playing piano and make it easier to stay on the beat.

It’s also important to practice sightreading pieces so that you can quickly learn songs without having to rely on memorization alone. You should also work on recognizing intervals and chord qualities in order to expand your harmonic knowledge.

Finally, don’t forget to practice transposing and improvisation too! Transposing will help you learn multiple versions of the same melody, while improvisation is a great way to get creative with the notes you play.


Piano exercise for beginners is a great way to improve your skills and understanding of the instrument. With these tips, you will be on your way to mastering this incredible instrument. Keep practicing and never give up.

Remember, it takes time and effort to become good at something, but with dedication, you can achieve anything you set your mind to. So don’t be discouraged, and keep practicing! You will have mastered the piano in no time. Best of luck on your musical journey.

Happy playing!

Read more:

Leave a Comment